The city of Heraklion has been since ancient times the heart of the island of Crete and even at a distance of thousand years has kept intact its charm as a city rich in culture and history. In Heraklion you can explore the mythology of Knossos, discover the priceless treasures of the Archaeological Museum, admire the majestic Sea Castle and immerse yourself in the Mediterranean atmosphere of the open-air market. Greece Euro Greek Image Image Image Venetian Fortress The Venetian Fortresse, also known as Castello a Mare (Sea Castle), is a stronghold built by the Venetians in 1500 to defend the city from attacks by sea and is considered the symbol of the city’s longevity. The fortress, which dominates the port, is now entirely open to the public: outside you can admire the Lions of San Marco, symbol of the ancient Venetian rule, while inside there are still the cannons that for centuries have protected the city. From the top of the walls, you can also enjoy a wonderful panoramic view of the landscape below. Image Knossos Crete is the island where over four thousand years ago the Minoan civilization developed, the remains of which have remained standing until today in Knossos, one of the most famous archaeological sites in Europe. Located a few kilometers from the city of Heraklion, Knossos was the political and commercial center of the island, and is linked to the myth of the Minotaur: according to mythology it is precisely at Knossos that King Minos built the labyrinth in which Theseus went to kill the Minotaur. Image Archaeological museum The Heraklion Archaeological Museum is the most important collection in the world of treasures from the ancient Minoan civilization from all over the island, and is one of the most important museums in Greece, both for what it holds but also for the number of visitors. One of the most fascinating collections in the museum is that of the wonderful frescoes of the Palace of Knossos, which represent scenes from the daily life of the Minoan people, including the famous fresco of the Jump of Bull (Salto del Toro).